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Canadian Kennel Club


The Canadian Kennel Club (or C.K.C.) is the primary umbrella "all-breed" registry body for purebred dog pedigrees in Canada. Beyond maintaining the pedigree registry, the C.K.C. also promotes events such as conformation shows and obedience trials for purebred dogs and confers championship and other titles in conformation, obedience and similar competitions. C.K.C. is a national, member-based, non-profit organization, incorporated under the Animal Pedigree Act of Canada. Founded in 1888, the Club provides registry services for the 174 dog breeds which it currently recognises, and provides governance for all C.K.C. approved shows, trial and events. C.K.C. provides news and information to its membership through its association with Dogs in Canada monthly magazine.

For a dog to be registered with the C.K.C., the dog's parents must be registered with the C.K.C. as the same breed, identified in accordance with C.K.C. regulations, and the litter in which the dog is born must have been registered with the C.K.C. Foreign-born dogs are registered as imports by C.K.C. provided that they are registered with a C.K.C. approved and recognized foreign registry and identified in accordance with C.K.C. regulations. Once these criteria are met, the dog is eligible to be registered as purebred by the C.K.C.

The Canadian Kennel Club is not the only Canadian registy of purebred dogs, but it is the one most Canadians are familiar with. The Animal Pedigree Act provides that only one official registry per breed may exist in Canada; other breeds not recognised by C.K.C. are registered by other registries such as the Canine Federation of Canada and the Working Canine Association of Canada. C.K.C. members may only breed C.K.C. recognised breeds and are required to sign a membership pledge not to engage in the buying, selling or breeding of dogs not purebred (purebred being defined as eligible for C.K.C. registration).

As with almost all breed registries, the registration specifies only that the dog is purely of one recognized breed; it does not guarantee that the dog comes from healthy or genetically superior bloodlines. Neither does it guarantee the quality or ability of the breeder or how the puppy was raised. Registration basically provides tracking for known canine ancestry as stated by the breeder of each dog registered, and therefore the possibility of pedigree services. Purebred pedigrees can often be followed back for as much as a century and for perhaps thirty or more generations of registered ancestry. Registration (as seen by C.K.C.) is a clerical matter,necessary for dogs who will participate in conformation shows or who will be used for purebred breeding.

C.K.C. demonstrated in 1995 that it was unconcerned with genetic health and genetic renewal when it refused to register new Siberia imports for no better reason than that they lacked three generations of registration numbers shown in their pedigrees. The response of the Club to concerns about genetic defects in purebred dogs was to issue a press release placing all the responsibility on individual breeders by stating that "reputable breeders will not hesitate to guarantee the future genetic health" of all dogs sold.


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